GOOD PRACTICES OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT FOR BUSINESS
What is project management? What are the benefits of project management in organizations? And the consequences of his absence? Is project management the same as project management or project management?
Some authors claim that project management is an ancient practice and used even in ancient civilizations, citing as examples the construction of the Great Wall of China and the Pyramids of Giza. I strongly disagree, because knowledge at that time was not structured enough to be replicated successfully in other situations and generate the desired results.
I understand that project management, as defined below, was an empirical process, elaborated through trial and error, that over time was passed on to different people and generations to enable the achievement of goals, desires and needs, especially in the needs that can be considered “mother of all things”. Long is the way for information to be structured into knowledge to generate results within a given culture. At Zoe Talent Solutions you will get an idea about project management and its benefits for business.
So, let’s move on that the journey is long.
Definition of Project Management
In the past, a company after deciding to deploy a project, attributed this initiative to a professional who would be responsible and the resources that he considered necessary to execute it. However, running the project and delivering the desired results was not simple, on the contrary, it was often a chaotic and stressful process. The inherent uncertainties of initiatives that are by nature unique may be many. It occurs that the professional in charge realized that some skills were necessary to perform a certain activity and either sought out experienced professionals or had to teach them. The professionals responsible for the implementation eventually realized that having the right tool and using the right technique, instead of others, for each situation or activity made a lot of difference in the final result. After all, does anyone want to paddle a canoe with a hammer?
The professionals involved, be they responsible or executors, realized that in certain situations, that is, in certain areas of application or business, certain knowledge, skills, tools and techniques were necessary to generate the expected results. In addition, they realized by repetition that there was an order, a sequence, that generated the expected results faster and / or better than others. Soon, we come to the process, it is enough that someone is able to observe and describe methodically all these steps and preconditions that a process will be established, or rather, you will have a defined process and the processes grouped may give rise to methods and methodologies. Now we have bases to define what is project management.
According to the guide published by PMI , project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet your requirements.
But is project management the same as project management or project management? In a simplified way, yes, they are synonyms (I’m fleeing from discussions here). I do not consider it correct to use the terms ” project management” or even “PMI project management”. Let’s use “project management”.
Software to create and create schedules. This would reduce the concept in a specialist application. Management or operational or technical management already established within the organizations. Because they are repetitive, they are contrary to the project definition itself .
Context and Historical Evolution
The PMI defines knowledge in project management as a term describing the knowledge within the project management profession. Project management knowledge includes proven, widely applied traditional practices as well as innovative practices that are emerging in the profession. This set of knowledge is constantly evolving, and the guide identifies a subset of project management expertise generally recognized as good practice.
Because project management needs to be tailored to meet project needs, then the practices are descriptive rather than prescriptive. Prescriptive is when something presents itself in a certain way as the only acceptable, as if it were normative and must be followed to the letter. Descriptive is that it concerns the description of reality or experience or is based on it, without the rigidity and formalism of the normative form. Project management can be defined as a descriptive and dynamic discipline within an evolutionary spiral.
Features of Project Management
Let’s repeat the definition of project management to make it easier. According to the Guide published by PMI , project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet your requirements. Therefore, we have as essential characteristics:
- Knowledge: A combination of experiences, values and convictions, contextual information, intuition and insight that people use to understand new experiences and information.
- Skill: Quality or characteristic of one who is skillful, skillful. Ability to solve problems or to act as it should.
- Management skills: The ability to plan, organize, direct and control individuals or groups of people to achieve specific goals.
- Interpersonal Skills: Skills used to form and maintain relationships with other people.
- Interpersonal and team skills: Effectively used skills to lead and interact with team members and other stakeholders.
- Tool: Something tangible, such as a model or software program, used to perform an activity to produce a product or result.
- Technique: A defined systematic procedure used by a human resource to perform an activity in order to produce a product or result or deliver a service and which may employ one or more tools. Technique and method can be considered synonymous.
- Activity: A distinct and scheduled part of the work that will be performed. The result of an activity or set of sequential activities will be a delivery.
- Requirement: A condition or capability that must necessarily be present in a product, service or result to meet a business need.
However, we can observe other important features of project management. Are they:
- Good Practice: A general agreement that the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques can increase the chances of success in generating the expected results.
- Method: Procedure, technique or means of doing something, especially according to a plan. Logic or system that regulates a given activity. Method and technique can be considered synonymous.
- Methodology: A system of practices, techniques, procedures, and rules used by people working in a discipline.
- Process: A series of systematic activities aimed at achieving a final result.
- Responsible professional: Projects are carried out by people, whether they are internal members of the team or external to the organization. One of them will be responsible for management and results, while the others will participate in the execution.
- Appeal: Any physical item necessary for the activities to be performed and, consequently, the deliveries made.
- Unique Result: All deliveries produced are unique and verifiable, and may be material, tangible and concrete, or immaterial, conceptual. It is something unique and unique.